Multiple level factors associated with bullying victimization in Taiwanese middle school students

Ming Sheng Wang, Jun Sung Hong, Hsi Sheng Wei, Yi Ting Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The present study applied the social-ecological framework to explore factors associated with adolescents’ experiences in bullying victimization in Taiwanese middle schools. Data include a random sample of 1,262 students, ages 13–15, from 43 middle schools in Taiwan’s New Taipei City. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was utilized to analyze the data, which included hierarchical and nested structures, such as individual and area level variables. Descriptive statistics and basic inferential analysis were conducted to test the hypotheses that individual (delinquency), family (parental monitoring), school (teacher support and teacher/staff punishment), community (community environment), and area levels (poverty rate) were associated with bullying victimization. Findings reveal that individual (Grade 7, conduct problems), school (teacher/staff punishment), community environment, and criminal activities had significant effects on bullying victimization in Taiwan. Implications for practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-387
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of School Violence
Issue number3
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Bullying
  • Taiwan
  • adolescents
  • bullying victimization
  • community
  • social-ecological framework


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