Multidetector computed tomography in patients with femoral neck fracture for assessing osteoporosis: Comparison with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry

Hyo Jeong Lee, Ji Young Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the ability of the Hounsfield unit (HU) measurement of the femoral neck during multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for assessing osteoporosis compared with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Materials and Methods Forty-two patients with femoral neck fractures who underwent MDCT and DXA from July to December 2016 were included in this study. HU measurements were made of the cancellous portions of the normal contralateral femoral neck on MDCT. Bone mineral density (BMD) and T-scores were obtained at the femur DXA. Correlations of HU values with BMD and T-scores were analyzed using Spearman's correlation test. Results The mean BMD and T-score of the femoral neck were 0.650 g/cm2 and -2.4, respectively. The mean HU values for the normal, osteopenia, and osteoporosis groups were 131.9, 98.9, and 41.3, respectively. HU values at the femoral neck were positively correlated with BMD (r2 = 0.670; p < 0.001) and T-scores (r2 = 0.676; p < 0.001). Conclusion The HU values of the femoral neck on MDCT are significantly correlated with BMD and T-scores of femur DXA. The HU values may serve as a diagnostic tool for the screening of regional bone quality when MDCT is performed for other reasons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Korean Society of Radiology
Volume81
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Absorptiometry
  • Bone density
  • Dual-energy x-ray
  • Femoral neck
  • Multidetector computed tomography
  • Osteoporosis

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