Mulberry (Morus alba L.) fruits have long been used in traditional medicine and as edible berries in many countries. This study investigated the antiadipogenic effect of high hydrostatic pressure mulberry fruit extract (MFE) during 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation. MFE decreased lipid and triglyceride accumulation and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. The mRNA expression levels of genes related to adipogenesis, such as the adipocyte protein 2, proliferator-activated receptor-γ, and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α, were suppressed by MFE. They also reduced microRNA (miR)-21 and miR-143 expression, which are involved in adipogenesis. In contrast, adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity was increased by MFE. These results suggested that MFE may suppress adipogenesis through modulating miR-21/143 expression and AMPK activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, which may be useful as antiobesity food agents.
- mulberry fruit extract