MR enterography assessment of bowel inflammation severity in Crohn disease using the MR index of activity score: Modifying roles of DWI and effects of contrast phases

Jin Sil Kim, Hye Young Jang, Seong Ho Park, Kyung Jo Kim, Kyunghwa Han, Suk Kyun Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Sang Hyoung Park, Jong Seok Lee, Hyun Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to appraise the use of the MR index of activity (MaRIA) score in evaluating Crohn disease (CD) on present-day MR enterography images, with an emphasis on determining the modifying roles of DWI and the effects of different contrast enhancement phases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty patients prospectively underwent MR enterography, including DWI and enteric and portal phase scans, and ileocolonoscopy with segmental CD endoscopic index of severity (CDEIS) scoring within a week. Thirty-nine terminal ilea and 40 right-sided colons (mean [± SD] segmental CDEIS score, 14.3 ± 12.1) from 42 patients with CD (mean age, 27 ± 6.2 years) were finally analyzed by three independent readers. Original and modified (ulcer replaced with DWI grade) MaRIA scores were compared regarding their correlation with segmental CDEIS score, accuracy in diagnosing active (segmental CDEIS score ≥ 3) and severe (segmental CDEIS score ≥ 12) inflammation, and interobserver reproducibility. The primary analysis used portal phase data, and the agreement between portal and enteric phase scores was analyzed. RESULTS. MaRIA and modified MaRIA scores correlated similarly with CDEIS scores (r = 0.737 and 0.742; p = 0.387) and did not significantly differ in terms of AUC values for the diagnosis of active (0.909 and 0.903; p = 0.571) or severe (0.907 and 0.892; p = 0.443) inflammation. The intraclass correlation coefficient was significantly higher for modified MaRIA than for MaRIA (0.845 and 0.701; p < 0.001). The mean difference between portal and enteric phase scores (i.e., portal minus enteric) was 0.33-0.36 score points for individual readers, and the Bland-Altman repeatability coefficient was 0.9-1.42 score points. CONCLUSION. Interobserver reproducibility in evaluating the severity of bowel inflammation in CD using the MaRIA score can be improved by modification with DWI. MaRIA scoring provides steady results across enteric and portal phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1022-1029
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume208
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Crohn disease
  • Diffusion
  • MR enterography
  • Score
  • Severity

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