We previously reported that phosphorylated cofilin-triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) complex interacts with Na,K-ATPase and enhances the pump activity through the phosphorylation of cofilin via Rho-mediated signaling pathway. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the dephosphorylation of cofilin may be induced through Na,K-ATPase inhibition by ouabain. The phosphorylation level of cofilin by ouabain which decreases in a time- and dose-dependent manner in various human cell lines, remains unchanged by pretreatment with Src inhibitor, PP2; epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, AG1478; Raf-1 kinase (Raf) inhibitor, GW5074; and ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitor, PD98059, and by transfection of Ras dominant negative mutant (RasN17). This suggests that ouabain dephosphorylates cofilin through the Src/EGFR/Ras/Raf/MEK pathway. Ouabain activates Ras/Raf/MEK pathway, but down-regulates Rho kinase (ROCK)/LIM kinase (LIMK)/cofilin pathway, implying that there may be a cross-talk by ouabain between the Ras/Raf/MEK and the ROCK/LIMK/cofilin pathways. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry suggest that ouabain-induced active form of cofilin may be involved in cytoskeletal reorganization and cell volume regulation. Thus, these findings demonstrate a new molecular mechanism for the dephosphorylation of cofilin through the inhibition of Na,K-ATPase by ouabain.
- Cell volume
- Cofilin dephosphorylation