Modeling & simulation-based problem solving process in sustainable living lab

Changbeom Choi, Seungho Yang, Seon Han Choi, Sooyoung Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Modern society consists of various groups according to their respective interests. The importance of the citizen participation decision-making process in which such various groups get involved in the numerous decision-making of the society has been emerging. The living lab (LL) can be a sustainable approach in such a modern society because all stakeholders can participate in the problem-solving process. In LL, every group communicates, defines their problems, and discusses with experts to find the best solution. For this process to work effectively, the discussions should be based on clear scientific evidence instead of vague words. This study introduces the modeling and simulation (M&S) process to establish a theoretical basis to help the participants in LL identify problematic situations and analyze the solutions. This process involves discrete event system formalism with a set-theoretical modular form among various modeling and simulation theories and the execution environments. Based on them, participants can reuse or extend the existing simulation model to accelerate the problem-solving process of LL. The case study for multi-modal transit station analysis demonstrates the effectiveness of M&S in LL.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3690
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

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© 2021 by the authors.


  • Decision-making
  • Modeling & simulation
  • Policy assessments
  • Sustainable living lab


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