Model estimation of sulfate aerosol sources collected at Cape Hedo during an intensive campaign in october–november, 2015

Syuichi Itahashi, Shiro Hatakeyama, Kojiro Shimada, Shiori Tatsuta, Yuta Taniguchi, Chak Keung Chan, Yong Pyo Kim, Neng Huei Lin, Akinori Takami

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13 Scopus citations


An intensive observation campaign at Cape Hedo, Okinawa, Japan was conducted from late October to early November 2015 to investigate the behavior of long-range transported atmospheric pollutants. During this period, sulfate (SO42–) was the dominant aerosol component. The sources of SO42– were estimated by using the air quality model with the tagged tracer method. The main source of high SO42– concentration varied day-to-day. When the westerly wind was dominant (October 27), the main source was anthropogenic SO2 emissions in China. When the northerly wind prevailed (November 1), the impact of volcanoes in western Japan was significant and the conversion ratio from SO2 to SO42– was lowest, at less than 70%, because of the faster transport. During the latter part of the campaign, the northerly to easterly winds were prominent, and the impacts of Korea, Japan, and ships on SO42– observed at Cape Hedo were also clear. When the contributions from Korea, Japan, and ships were the highest (November 4), the conversion ratio was also the highest, at greater than 95% because of long-range transport. The modeled sources of volcanoes and ship emissions corresponded well with the observed coarse-mode SO42– and V/Mn ratio, respectively. The mutual evaluation of sources from model and observations enable SO42– sources to be estimated with higher confidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3079-3090
Number of pages12
JournalAerosol and Air Quality Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Global Environment Research Fund (5-1452 and 2-1403) from the Ministry of the Environment of Japan. The authors acknowledge using MOZART-4 data for the global chemical transport model ( for the lateral boundary condition. The authors also thank JMA and other institutions for performing SO2 observations of Japanese volcanoes.

Publisher Copyright:
© Taiwan Association for Aerosol Research.


  • Air quality model
  • East Asia
  • Source apportionment
  • Tagged tracer method


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