Middle-Aged Couples Educational Needs for Psychological Well-Being: A Mixed Method Study

Minji Gil, Daeun Kim, Suk Sun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To explore and identify priorities of middle-aged couples’ educational needs for psychological well-being. Methods: Exploratory sequential mixed method design was used. Qualitative data were collected from 14 couples through couple interviews and analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Quantitative data were collected from 234 middle-aged adults using self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using paired t-test and Borichs’ needs assessment model. Finally, qualitative and quantitative data were integrated to describe mixed-method findings. Results: Three major themes were identified: (1) confronting vulnerability to mental health problem, (2) navigating lifes journey together, and (3) progressing toward self-transcendence. In quantitative results, “couple communication” had the highest need, followed by “mental health”, the “emotional awareness and expression”, and “improvement of marital relationships”. Integrated results indicated that couple-communication and mental health were priority needs. Conclusion: Results of this study provided evidence for middle-aged couples educational needs for psychological well-being. Thus, healthcare professionals need to consider development of educational interventions to enhance couple communication and mental health for middle-aged couples psychological well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
-This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF-2019R1A2C1087398, 2022R1A2C2004867).

Publisher Copyright:
©2022 The Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.


  • Adaptation, Psychological adaptation
  • Couples therapy
  • Mental health
  • Middle aged
  • Needs assessment


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