Purpose: To compare the amount of tissue contraction after microwave (MW) versus radiofrequency (RF) ablation of liver tumors. Materials and methods: Seventy-five hepatic tumors in 65 patients who underwent percutaneous MW or RF ablations were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent MRI within 6 months before the ablation and 24 h after the procedure. Two blinded radiologists, by consensus, performed measurements on the corresponding series of pre and post-ablation MRI. Absolute and relative contraction of liver, tumor, and control were calculated and compared. Results: Thirty-one patients underwent MW ablations, and 44 patients underwent RF ablations. The absolute and relative contraction of the ablation zone were significantly greater with MW than RF ablation (p = 0.003 to <0.001). Thirty-two lesions were visible on both pre- and post-ablation MRI. MW ablation had significantly more tumor contraction as compared to RF ablation (p = 0.003 to 0.009). The control measurements demonstrated no significant difference in normal tissue variation between MW and RF groups. Conclusions: MW ablation of hepatic tumors produced significantly more contraction of tumor and ablated hepatic tissue compared to RF ablation. Tissue contraction should be taken into account during pre-procedural planning and assessing treatment response by comparing pre- and post-ablation images.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
- Liver contraction
- Liver tumor
- Microwave ablation
- Radiofrequency ablation