Currently, few studies are reported on the composition of microbiota in stroke patients and the association with stroke prognosis. This study investigated the differing microbiota composition in stroke patients and confirmed the association of microbiota composition with poor functional outcome. Between January of 2018 and December of 2019, 198 patients with acute cerebral infarction were included in this study. For the case–control study, age and sex-matched normal healthy subjects (n = 200) were included when receiving their health screening examinations. We isolated bacterial extracellular membrane vesicles and extracted DNA from blood samples. Taxonomic assignments were performed by using the sequence reads of 16S rRNA genes following blood microbiota analysis. Statistical analysis was conducted appropriately by using Statistical Analysis System software. The mean age of the stroke patients were 63.7 ± 12.5 years, and the male sex was 58.5%. Of the total enrolled patients, poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Score ≥ 3) was noted in 19.7%. The principal component analysis of microbiota composition revealed significant differences between healthy control subjects and stroke patients. At the genus level, Aerococcaceae(f), ZB2(c), TM7-1(c), and Flavobacterium were significantly increased in stroke patients compared to the healthy controls, whereas Mucispirillum, rc4-4, Akkermansia, Clostridiales(o), Lactobacillus, and Stenotrophomonas were decreased considerably. For the functional outcome after ischemic stroke, Anaerococcus, Blautia, Dialister, Aerococcaceae(f), Propionibacterium, Microbacteriaceae(f), and Rothia were enriched in the group with good outcomes, whereas Ruminococcaceae(f) and Prevotella were enriched in the group with poor outcome. There was apparent dysbiosis of blood microbiota in patients with acute ischemic stroke compared to healthy people. Ruminococcaceae(f) and Prevotella were elevated in stroke patients with poor functional outcome.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (2018R1D1A1B07040959 to T-JS). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, the decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
© 2021, The Author(s).