Metal–organic frameworks-derived heteroatom-doped carbon electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Wendan Xue, Qixing Zhou, Xun Cui, Songru Jia, Jiawei Zhang, Zhiqun Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations


The development of stable, adequate, and cost-effective catalysts to meet current fuel cell requirements is urgent in the face of ever-intensifying energy demands. Heteroatom-doped carbons are promising non-noble metal-based catalysts expected to replace or reduce platinum consumption required for the electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are rapidly evolving as porous functional materials owing to their high surface area, permanent porosity, and diverse structure, thus rendering their derivatives suitable potential catalysts for electrocatalysis. Herein, we systematically reviewed the latest advances in the design and synthesis of MOF-derived heteroatom-doped carbons, which were further divided into metal-free and metal-containing materials to identify the effects of component manipulation, morphological control, and structural engineering on their ORR performance. Additionally, future challenges and research directions for MOF-derived heteroatom-doped carbon electrocatalysts are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106073
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Carbon-based electrocatalyst
  • Heteroatom-doped carbon
  • Metal–organic framework
  • Non-noble metal
  • Oxygen reduction reaction


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