Aging and age-related diseases in humans are mainly caused by oxidative stress through over-production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In our previous study, multi-micronutrient supplement containing antioxidants and phytochemicals (MP) resulted in higher antioxidative activity by increasing plasma folate with resistance to DNA damage and LDL oxidation to subjects. In this study, plasma samples were analysed for metabolomics study using 1H NMR. The metabolic profiles before MP supplementation and after 8-week MP supplementation were clearly separated based on multivariant analyses of principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Twenty-seven metabolites from variable importance plots were screened before MP supplementation and after 8-week MP supplementation. The 27 metabolites had significantly increased levels of betaine but significantly decreased levels of choline, serine, and threonine after MP supplementation. These results suggested that MP supplementation could activate folate cycle to increase resistance to DNA damages.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a Bio-Synergy Research Project ( NRF-2012M3A9C4048761 ) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, Future Planning through the National Research Foundation, and a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant ( NRF-2011-0013659 ) funded by the Korea government (MEST).
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
- Antioxidative supplement
- Folate cycle
- Metabolic pathway
- Oxidative stress