Background:: Mast cells are immune sentinels in the skin that respond to a wide range of pathological and environmental stimuli; they owe their function to the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs). We previously found that tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (T-MSCs) were able to effectively attenuate TLR7-mediated skin inflammation in mice, which was accompanied by an increase in mast cell number. The present study investigated whether T-MSC extracellular vesicles, such as exosomes, are able to regulate mast cell activation in response to TLR7 stimulation. Methods:: The HMC-1 human mast cell line was treated with a TLR7 agonist in the presence or absence of T-MSC exosomes, and the levels of expressed inflammatory cytokines were assessed. Additionally, mice were repeatedly injected with a TLR7 agonist with or without interval treatments with T-MSC exosomes and assessed dermal distribution of mast cells and related immune cells. Results:: We showed that T-MSC exosomes containing microRNAs that target inflammatory cytokines significantly reduced the expression of inflammatory cytokines in TLR7 agonist-treated HMC-1 cells. In addition, T-MSC exosomes inhibited the increase in the number of both dermal mast cells and CD14-positive cells in TLR7 agonist-treated mice. Conclusion:: Our data suggest that T-MSC exosomes have regulatory effects on mast cell activation under inflammatory conditions, including TLR7 stimulation.
- Mast cell
- Mesenchymal stem cell