Medication Adherence and Its Associated Factors in Laotians With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Younhee Kang, Yujin Hur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This study aims to explore diabetes mellitus (DM) medication adherence and its associated factors in Laotians with type 2 DM by determining the relationships among DM-related characteristics, diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, diabetes locus of control, and DM medication adherence. The participants of the study were 175 patients who visited the DM clinics in Vientiane. The mean score of medication adherence was 6.26 ± 1.57 (M ± SD), corresponding to a medium adherence level. In the regression model, a total variance of medication adherence explained was 11.4%. Employment status, duration of illness, and self-efficacy were significant factors for predicting medication adherence. Self-efficacy was found to be the most important factor in explaining the variance of medication adherence. These findings indicate the need to develop an intervention program and clinical strategies in Laos promoting diabetic medication adherence that include diverse methods for enhancing self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Nursing Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) under the grant numbers: 2016?105-1.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • Laos
  • developing countries
  • diabetes mellitus
  • medication adherence
  • self-efficacy


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