Translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP), a highly conserved protein present in most eukaryotes, is involved in numerous biological processes. Only the dimeric form of TCTP (dTCTP) formed during inflammatory conditions exhibits cytokine-like activity. Therefore, dTCTP is considered as a therapeutic target for allergic diseases. Because monomeric TCTP (mTCTP) and dTCTP share a high topological similarity, we hypothesized that small molecules interacting with mTCTP would also bind to dTCTP and interfere with dTCTP-based cellular processes. In this study, nine compounds listed in the literature as interacting with mTCTP were investigated for their ability to suppress the activity of extracellular dTCTP in bronchial epithelial cells. It was found that one of the nine, meclizine, a piperazine-derivative antihistamine, significantly reduced IL-8 release and suppressed the NF-κB pathway. The direct interaction of meclizine with dTCTP was confirmed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Also, we found that meclizine can attenuate ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway inflammation in mice. Therefore, meclizine might be a potential anti-allergic drug as an inhibitor for dTCTP.
|Journal||Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy|
|State||Published - Jan 2023|
- Airway inflammation