Mechanochemical synthesis and electrochemical behavior of Na 3FeF 6 in sodium and lithium batteries

R. A. Shakoor, Soo Yeon Lim, Hyungsub Kim, Kwan Woo Nam, Jeung Ku Kang, Kisuk Kang, Jang Wook Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report Na 3FeF 6 as a novel cathode material for sodium and lithium batteries. The material is synthesized through a mechanochemical process by reacting precursors (NaF and FeF 3) in a ball mill under argon flow. These syntheses are environmentally friendly and safe because the entire processes do not require any hazardous gasses or high temperatures. XRD spectra confirm that the synthesized material has a well-defined crystal structure and can be indexed to a monoclinic crystal structure under the P2 1/C space group. Thermal analyses up to 500°C confirm the stability of the crystal structure and safety of this material. Electrochemical results indicate that Na 3FeF 6 is electrochemically active in both Na and Li cells while undergoing conversion reactions and exhibiting decent reversible capacities of larger than 100 and 200 mAh g - 1 at room temperature, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume218
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Cathode
  • Mechanochemical process
  • Sodium and lithium batteries
  • Sodium iron fluoride

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