Mechanistic Study Revealing the Role of the Br3/Br2 Redox Couple in CO2-Assisted Li–O2 Batteries

Filipe Marques Mota, Jin Hyuk Kang, Younguk Jung, Jiwon Park, Moony Na, Dong Ha Kim, Hye Ryung Byon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Replacing oxygen (O2) with air is a critical step in the development of lithium (Li)–air batteries. A trace amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air is, however, influentially involved in the O2 chemistry, which indicates that a fundamental understanding of the effect of CO2 is required for the design of practical cells. When up to 30% CO2 is added to Li–O2 cells, CO2 acts as an O2 scavenger. Their chemical reactions form soluble products, CO42− and C2O62−, in the tetraglyme electrolyte solution, and enhance full capacity and cell cyclability. A critical challenge is, however, the sluggish decomposition of the coproduct Li2CO3 during recharge. To lower the charging overpotential, a Br3/Br2 redox couple is incorporated and its redox behavior is investigated using spectroscopic methods. The redox shuttle of Br3/Br2 decomposes amorphous Li2CO3 more efficiently than its crystalline counterpart. It is revealed that Br2 combines with Br3 to form a Br2···Br3 complex, which acts as a mobile catalyst in the electrolyte solution without swift precipitation of the nonpolar Br2. This comprehensive study, revealing the molecular structure and redox process of mobile catalysts, provides an insight into improving the design of redox couples toward superior cycling performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1903486
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea Grant, funded by the Korean Government (Grant Nos. 2019R1A2C2007551 and 2017R1A2A1A05022387). F.M.M. acknowledges the support by the Korea Research Fellowship Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2017H1D3A1A02054206).

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea Grant, funded by the Korean Government (Grant Nos. 2019R1A2C2007551 and 2017R1A2A1A05022387). F.M.M. acknowledges the support by the Korea Research Fellowship Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2017H1D3A1A02054206).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • CO
  • Li–O batteries
  • Li–air batteries
  • bromide
  • redox mediators

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