Mechanistic borderline of one-step hydrogen atom transfer versus stepwise Sc3+-coupled electron transfer from benzyl alcohol derivatives to a non-heme iron(IV)-oxo complex

Yuma Morimoto, Jiyun Park, Tomoyoshi Suenobu, Yong Min Lee, Wonwoo Nam, Shunichi Fukuzumi

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63 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rate of oxidation of 2,5-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol (2,5-(MeO) 2C6H3CH2OH) by [Fe IV(O)(N4Py)]2+ (N4Py = N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-N-bis(2- pyridyl)methylamine) was enhanced significantly in the presence of Sc(OTf) 3 (OTf- = trifluoromethanesulfonate) in acetonitrile (e.g., 120-fold acceleration in the presence of Sc3+). Such a remarkable enhancement of the reactivity of [FeIV(O)(N4Py)] 2+ in the presence of Sc3+ was accompanied by the disappearance of a kinetic deuterium isotope effect. The radical cation of 2,5-(MeO)2C6H3CH2OH was detected in the course of the reaction in the presence of Sc3+. The dimerized alcohol and aldehyde were also produced in addition to the monomer aldehyde in the presence of Sc3+. These results indicate that the reaction mechanism is changed from one-step hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) from 2,5-(MeO)2C6H3CH2OH to [Fe IV(O)(N4Py)]2+ in the absence of Sc3+ to stepwise Sc3+-coupled electron transfer, followed by proton transfer in the presence of Sc3+. In contrast, neither acceleration of the rate nor the disappearance of the kinetic deuterium isotope effect was observed in the oxidation of benzyl alcohol (C6H5CH2OH) by [FeIV(O)(N4Py)]2+ in the presence of Sc(OTf) 3. Moreover, the rate constants determined in the oxidation of various benzyl alcohol derivatives by [FeIV(O)(N4Py)]2+ in the presence of Sc(OTf)3 (10 mM) were compared with those of Sc 3+-coupled electron transfer from one-electron reductants to [Fe IV(O)(N4Py)]2+ at the same driving force of electron transfer. This comparison revealed that the borderline of the change in the mechanism from HAT to stepwise Sc3+-coupled electron transfer and proton transfer is dependent on the one-electron oxidation potential of benzyl alcohol derivatives (ca. 1.7 V vs SCE).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10025-10036
Number of pages12
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume51
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Sep 2012

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