Measuring the Burden of Disease in Korea, 2008-2018

Yoon Sun Jung, Young Eun Kim, Hyesook Park, In Hwan Oh, Min Woo Jo, Minsu Ock, Dun Sol Go, Seok Jun Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


The study aims to examine the current status and differences in the burden of disease in Korea during 2008-2018. We calculated the burden of disease for Koreans from 2008 to 2018 using an incidence-based approach. Disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were expressed in units per 100 000 population by adding years of life lost (YLLs) and years lived with disability (YLDs). DALY calculation results were presented by gender, age group, disease, region, and income level. To explore differences in DALYs by region and income level, we used administrative district and insurance premium information from the National Health Insurance Service claims data. The burden of disease among Koreans showed an increasing trend from 2008 to 2018. By 2017, the burden of disease among men was higher than that among women. Diabetes mellitus, low back pain, and chronic lower respiratory disease were ranked high in the burden of disease; the sum of DALY rates for these diseases accounted for 18.4% of the total burden of disease among Koreans in 2018. The top leading causes associated with a high burden of disease differed slightly according to gender, age group, and income level. In this study, we measured the health status of Koreans and differences in the population health level according to gender, age group, region, and income level. This data can be used as an indicator of health equity, and the results derived from this study can be used to guide community-centered (or customized) health promotion policies and projects, and for setting national health policy goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant No. HI18C0446).

Funding Information:
The funding agency had no role in the study design, analysis and interpretation of the data, or the preparation of the manuscript. This study was administratively supported by the National Health Insurance Service of Korea (NHIS-2019-1-182).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Korean Society for Preventive Medicine. All rights reserved.


  • Burden of disease
  • Health equity
  • Health policy
  • Health status
  • Korea


Dive into the research topics of 'Measuring the Burden of Disease in Korea, 2008-2018'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this