Materials of acoustic analysis: Sustained vowel versus sentence

Kyung Ray Moon, Sung Min Chung, Hae Sang Park, Han Su Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Objectives: Sustained vowel is a widely used material of acoustic analysis. However, vowel phonation does not sufficiently demonstrate sentence-based real-life phonation, and biases may occur depending on the test subjects intent during pronunciation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between the results of acoustic analysis using each material. Study Design: An individual prospective study. Materials and Methods: Two hundred two individuals (87 men and 115 women) with normal findings in videostroboscopy were enrolled. Acoustic analysis was done using the speech pattern element acquisition and display program. Fundamental frequency (Fx), amplitude (Ax), contact quotient (Qx), jitter, and shimmer were measured with sustained vowel-based acoustic analysis. Average fundamental frequency (FxM), average amplitude (AxM), average contact quotient (QxM), Fx perturbation (CFx), and amplitude perturbation (CAx) were measured with sentence-based acoustic analysis. Corresponding data of the two methods were compared with each other. SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Version 12.0; SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) software was used for statistical analysis. Results: FxM was higher than Fx in men (Fx, 124.45 Hz; FxM, 133.09 Hz; P = 0.000). In women, FxM seemed to be lower than Fx, but the results were not statistically significant (Fx, 210.58 Hz; FxM, 208.34 Hz; P = 0.065). There was no statistical significance between Ax and AxM in both the groups. QxM was higher than Qx in men and women. Jitter was lower in men, but CFx was lower in women. Both Shimmer and CAx were higher in men. Conclusions: Sustained vowel phonation could not be a complete substitute for real-time phonation in acoustic analysis. Characteristics of acoustic materials should be considered when choosing the material for acoustic analysis and interpreting the results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-565
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Voice
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2012


  • Acoustic analysis
  • Normative reference
  • Sentence
  • Vowel


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