Objective: To explore the role of systematic screening programme availability and cultural affiliation as drivers of mammography perceptions/practices among women aged 30–49, who are not eligible for screening. Methods: Cross-sectional survey about mammography perceptions/practices among N = 918 Swiss women (30–49), across three cultural-linguistic regions (Swiss-German, Swiss-French, Swiss-Italian) and 26 cantons. Results: In cantons offering systematic screening programmes, women appeared more likely to ask for a mammogram, felt more susceptible to breast cancer, and perceived more benefits to screening. Swiss-German women engaged less in screening and felt less susceptible to breast cancer than women in other cultural-linguistic regions. Within the Swiss-German region, women living in cantons with programmes were more likely to ask for a mammogram than in cantons without. Conclusions: Programme availability and cultural affiliation both appear related to young women's screening perceptions/practices. While the interaction between these factors should be further explored, this study provides some preliminary evidence that cultural affiliation is the more important driver. Practice Implications: Health communication efforts should consider the impact of these drivers on women's intentions to have a mammogram, prior to the recommended age. Tailored communication – public and interpersonal - should be directed towards facilitating informed decision-making and avoidance of mammography overuse.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation as part of a larger project grant ( 100019-153131/1 ). The authors declare to have no conflicts of interest.
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.
- Attitudes and behaviours
- Breast cancer
- Cross-sectional survey
- Cultural differences
- Mammography screening
- Systematic screening programme availability
- Women aged 30–49