Magnetic properties of single rare-earth atoms on graphene/Ir(111)

Romana Baltic, Fabio Donati, Aparajita Singha, Christian Wäckerlin, Jan Dreiser, Bernard Delley, Marina Pivetta, Stefano Rusponi, Harald Brune

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25 Scopus citations


We employed x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism to study the magnetic properties of single rare-earth (RE) atoms (Nd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er) adsorbed on the graphene/Ir(111) surface. The interaction of RE atoms with graphene results for Tb in a trivalent state with 4fn-1 occupancy, and in a divalent state with 4fn occupancy for all other studied RE atoms (n corresponds to the 4f occupancy of free atoms). Among the studied RE on graphene/Ir(111), Dy is the only one that shows magnetic hysteresis and remanence at 2.5 K. By comparing measured spectra and magnetization curves with multiplet calculations, we determine the energy diagram of the magnetic states and show for each element the magnetization reversal process that determines the timescale of its magnetic bistability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024412
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number2
StatePublished - 13 Jul 2018

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© 2018 American Physical Society.


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