Macro-finance term structure analysis using structural vector autoregression

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This paper analyzes the macro-finance term structure model for the Korean government bonds by using the dynamic Nelson-Siegel model. We investigate the impulse responses of the term structure to structural shocks by converting the reduced-form VAR implied by the dynamic Nelson-Siegel model into the structural VAR representation. Our emprical analysis provides the following. First, from the in and out-of-sample analysis, we find that the macro-financeterm structure model provides a better fit than other models such as the random walk model and the yield-only model. Second, the impulse response analysis from structural VAR model shows that the effect of macro economy on the yield curve is more statistically substantial than the effect of the yield curve on the macro economy. Among the yield curve factors, in particular, the "slope" factor of the yield curve sensitively responds to the macro shocks. Lastly, we decompose the bond yields with various maturities into the expectation and term premium components. We find that changes in the short rates are mainly driven by variations of the expectation component, while the long rates are mostly driven by variations of the term premium component. The longer the maturity of the term premium is, the bigger effect it receives from the shocks of yield curve factors rather than those of the macro economic factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-311
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Economic Theory and Econometrics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2012


  • Dynamic nelson-siegel model
  • Macro-finance term structure
  • Structural VAR


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