Macro fiber composite-based low frequency vibration energy harvester

Suna Ju, Song Hee Chae, Yunhee Choi, Chang Hyeon Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Abstract In this paper, we present a vibration energy harvester using a spherical permanent magnet as springless proof mass and a magnetoelectric laminate structure composed of MSMA (magnetic shape memory alloy) and MFC (macro fiber composite) in d31 or d33 operational modes. Combination of transduction mechanisms, including magnetoelectric effect and impact-induced vibration of the magnetoelectric laminate composite, generates power from low frequency excitation such as human-body-induced motion. Two different types of magnetoelectric laminate composite based power generators have been fabricated, tested and compared. Moreover, the contributions of individual transduction mechanisms have been analyzed experimentally. Maximum peak-to-peak open circuit voltage of 16.4 V has been obtained in response to a 3 g vibration at 15 Hz for device with d33 mode MFC. Device with d31 mode MFC generated maximum output power of 11.2 μW in vibration exciter test and 82.5 μW in manual vibration test across an 800 Ω load. Based on the experimental observations, an impact-based harvester with d31 mode MFC has been proposed, which generated improved output power of 245.6 μW.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9081
Pages (from-to)126-136
Number of pages11
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
StatePublished - 1 May 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ewha Global Top 5 Grant 2011 of Ewha Womans University and by the Converging Research Center Program funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Korea ( 2013K000355 ) and by the Pioneer Research Center Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning ( 2010-0019313 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Energy harvesting
  • Macro fiber composite
  • Magnetic shape memory alloy
  • Vibration


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