Machine Learning Out-of-Equilibrium Phases of Matter

Jordan Venderley, Vedika Khemani, Eun Ah Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neural-network-based machine learning is emerging as a powerful tool for obtaining phase diagrams when traditional regression schemes using local equilibrium order parameters are not available, as in many-body localized (MBL) or topological phases. Nevertheless, instances of machine learning offering new insights have been rare up to now. Here we show that a single feed-forward neural network can decode the defining structures of two distinct MBL phases and a thermalizing phase, using entanglement spectra obtained from individual eigenstates. For this, we introduce a simplicial geometry-based method for extracting multipartite phase boundaries. We find that this method outperforms conventional metrics for identifying MBL phase transitions, revealing a sharper phase boundary and shedding new insight on the topology of the phase diagram. Furthermore, the phase diagram we acquire from a single disorder configuration confirms that the machine-learning-based approach we establish here can enable speedy exploration of large phase spaces that can assist with the discovery of new MBL phases. To our knowledge, this Letter represents the first example of a standard machine learning approach revealing new information on phase transitions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number257204
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume120
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Jun 2018

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