Lower extremity arterial calcification as a predictor of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with peripheral arterial disease

Hwa Seon Shin, Mi Jung Park, Kyung Nyeo Jeon, Jae Min Cho, Kyung Soo Bae, Dae Seob Choi, Jae Boem Na, Ho Cheol Choi, Hye Young Choi, Ji Eun Kim, Soo Bueum Cho, Sung Eun Park

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Abstract

Background: Until now, there has been no study on the relationship between the calcification of the lower extremity arteries and significant coronary arterial disease (CAD). Objectives: To evaluate whether lower extremity calcium scores (LECS) are associated with CAD and whether this can predict multivessel-CAD in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Patients and Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 103 PAD patients without cardiac symptoms or known CAD. All patients underwent cardiac computed tomography (CT) and lower extremity CT within 1 month and were categorized as nonsignificant CAD, single-CAD, or multivessel-CAD. The coronary calcium scores (CCS) were quantitatively measured according to the Agatston method and LECS were semi-quantitatively measured according to the presence of lower extremity calcification in the segment. The extent of CAD was evaluated according to the presence of ≥ 50% luminal diameter stenosis in the segment of CAD. Results: LECS in multivessel-CAD were significantly higher than those in nonsignificant CAD (10.0±5.8 versus 4.0±3.1, P < 0.001). LECS significantly correlated with CCS (r = 0.831, P < 0.001) and the extent of CAD (r = 0.631, P < 0.001). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated LECS and log-transformed CCS were independent predictors for multivessel-CAD. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the diagnostic performance of LECS was 0.807 (95% confidence interval = 0.724-0.891, P < 0.001) for predicting multivessel-CAD. Conclusion: Peripheral arterial calcification is significantly correlated with CAD extent in patients with PAD. Peripheral arterial calcification can be a useful marker for predicting multivessel-CAD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere33179
JournalIranian Journal of Radiology
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Multidetector computed tomography
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Vascular calcification

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