Low-temperature properties of the Hubbard chain with an attractive interaction

Kong Ju Bock Lee, P. Schlottmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The thermodynamic Bethe-ansatz equations for the one-dimensional Hubbard model with attractive on-site interaction of the electrons are solved numerically at low temperatures. At low temperatures the dominant states consist of spin-paired electrons (Cooper-pairlike) and excitations of such pairs (without breaking up the singlet bound states). A critical field (energy required to depair a Cooper pair) is obtained at T=0 (note that the superconducting Tc=0), which disappears for T 0. The specific heat is linear in temperature, and the dependence of the coefficient on band filling and magnetic field is discussed. The excitation spectrum shows some analogies with that of resonant valence bonds in two dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9104-9112
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1989


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