Low-temperature growth and electronic structures of ambipolar Yb-doped zinc tin oxide transparent thin films

Seol Hee Oh, Gerald Ferblantier, Young Sang Park, Guy Schmerber, Aziz Dinia, Abdelilah Slaoui, William Jo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The compositional dependence of the crystal structure, optical transmittance, and surface electric properties of the zinc tin oxide (Zn-Sn-O, shortened ZTO) thin films were investigated. ZTO thin films with different compositional ratios were fabricated on glass and p-silicon wafers using radio frequency magnetron sputtering. The binding energy of amorphous ZTO thin films was examined by a X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The optical transmittance over 70% in the visible region for all the ZTO films was observed. The optical band gap of the ZTO films was changed as a result of the competition between the Burstein-Moss effect and renormalization. An electron concentration in the films and surface work function distribution were measured by a Hall measurement and Kelvin probe force microscopy, respectively. The mobility of the n- and p-type ZTO thin films have more than 130 cm2/V s and 15 cm2/V s, respectively. We finally constructed the band structure which contains band gap, work function, and band edges such as valence band maximum and conduction band minimum of ZTO thin films. The present study results suggest that the ZTO thin film is competitive compared with the indium tin oxide, which is a representative material of the transparent conducting oxides, regarding optoelectronic devices applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume441
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 May 2018

Keywords

  • Amorphous oxide thin films
  • Compositional dependence
  • Hall measurement
  • Kelvin probe force microscopy
  • Transparent conducting oxide
  • Zinc tin oxides

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