Low bone mineral density of vertebral lateral projections can predict spinal radiographic damage in patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Ji Won Kim, Min Kyung Chung, Jennifer Lee, Seung Ki Kwok, Wan Uk Kim, Sung Hwan Park, Ji Hyeon Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the association between bone mineral status and spinal radiographic damage in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and determine whether bone mineral status can predict further spinal radiographic damage after 2 years. Methods: Bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine (anteroposterior and lateral projections), femoral neck, and total hip and trabecular bone score (TBS) of the lumbar spine were measured in AS patients (n = 54) who fulfilled the modified New York criteria. Spinal radiographic damage was scored on cervical and lumbar spine radiographs using modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spinal Score (mSASSS) at baseline and after 2 years. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to examine predictors of spinal radiographic damage. Results: Patients with advanced AS exhibited low BMD on lumbar spine lateral projections, femoral neck, and total hip and low TBS. Low vertebral bone mass at baseline, assessed by BMD of the lateral projections or TBS, was independently associated with baseline mSASSS. After 2 years, mSASSS change from baseline was significantly associated with high baseline mSASSS, high baseline erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and low baseline BMD of the lumbar spine lateral projections. The best predictive model for spinal radiographic progression consisted of baseline mSASSS, baseline CRP, and low BMD of lateral lumbar spine (area under curve = 0.826). Conclusions: BMD at vertebral lateral projections and TBS were inversely associated with baseline mSASSS in AS patients. Low BMD at vertebral lateral projections, as well as baseline mSASSS and inflammatory markers, might predict spinal radiographic damage in AS.Key Points• Vertebral bone mineral density of lateral projections and trabecular bone score are inversely associated with baseline mSASSS in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.• Baseline mSASSS, inflammatory markers, and low vertebral bone mineral density might predict spinal radiographic progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3567-3574
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Bone density
  • Disease progression
  • Osteoporosis

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