Longitudinal Monitoring of Antibody Responses against Tumor Cells Using Magneto-nanosensors with a Nanoliter of Blood

Jung Rok Lee, Carmel T. Chan, Daniel Ruderman, Hui Yen Chuang, Richard S. Gaster, Michelle Atallah, Parag Mallick, Scott W. Lowe, Sanjiv S. Gambhir, Shan X. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Each immunoglobulin isotype has unique immune effector functions. The contribution of these functions in the elimination of pathogens and tumors can be determined by monitoring quantitative temporal changes in isotype levels. Here, we developed a novel technique using magneto-nanosensors based on the effect of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) for longitudinal monitoring of total and antigen-specific isotype levels with high precision, using as little as 1 nL of serum. Combining in vitro serologic measurements with in vivo imaging techniques, we investigated the role of the antibody response in the regression of firefly luciferase (FL)-labeled lymphoma cells in spleen, kidney, and lymph nodes in a syngeneic Burkitt's lymphoma mouse model. Regression status was determined by whole body bioluminescent imaging (BLI). The magneto-nanosensors revealed that anti-FL IgG2a and total IgG2a were elevated and sustained in regression mice compared to non-regression mice (p < 0.05). This platform shows promise for monitoring immunotherapy, vaccination, and autoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6644-6652
Number of pages9
JournalNano Letters
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Magneto-nanosensors
  • bioluminescent imaging
  • cancer immunology
  • immunoglobulin isotypes
  • lymphoma
  • magnetic nanoparticles

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