Background: There is a paucity of studies longer than 30 years to determine clinical and radiographic results of retained cementless anatomic stem. The purpose of this study is to determine the long-term (up to 34 years) survival rate of the retained cementless anatomic femoral stem in patients <50 years of age. Methods: Isolated cup revision was performed with retaining primary cementless anatomic femoral stem in 206 patients (149 men and 57 women). Clinical and radiographic results were monitored at each follow-up. At the latest follow-up, computed tomography scans were carried out in all hips to determine the prevalence of osteolysis. The mean follow-up of the retained femoral stem was 30.3 years (range 27-34). The mean follow-up of the revised cup was 25.5 years (range 22-29). Results: The mean Harris Hip Score was 91 ± 7.8 points (range 71-100) and the mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis score was 16 ± 7 points (range 7-34) at the final follow-up. The mean University of California, Los Angeles activity score was 7 ± 4 points (range 5-10) at the final follow-up. The overall survival rate of retained cementless femoral stems was 98.9% (95% confidence interval 91-100) at 30.3 years. The survival rate of the revised cup was 93% (95% confidence interval 89-98) at 25.5 years. Conclusion: The rate of aseptic loosening of already osseointegrated femoral stem remains low with ceramic-on-ceramic bearing in young active patients.
- isolated cup revision
- long-term survival
- retained cementless anatomic stem
- young patients (<50 years old)