Objectives: The complement component 5 (C5) inhibitor ravulizumab demonstrated non-inferiority to eculizumab following 26 weeks of treatment in complement inhibitor-naïve and complement inhibitor-experienced patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH; studies 301 and 302, respectively). This study aims to describe the results of both studies from 27 weeks to 2 years. Methods: Patients (N = 441) continued to receive ravulizumab throughout the extension period. Efficacy endpoints included lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) normalization, transfusion avoidance and fatigue score (FACIT-F). Safety analyses were also performed. Results: From 27 weeks to 2 years, improvements in LDH levels were maintained in both study populations. Transfusion avoidance was maintained in 81.9% (study 301) and 85.6% (study 302) of patients, and FACIT-F scores remained stable. Ravulizumab was well tolerated, and the incidence of adverse events (AEs) were similar between patients of both studies. Incidence of serious AEs deemed related to ravulizumab treatment was low (<3%). Conclusions: This study reports, to date, the longest period of follow-up in over 400 patients with PNH treated with ravulizumab (662 patient-years). Long-term, ravulizumab demonstrated durable efficacy and was well tolerated, highlighting the importance of C5 inhibitors as the mainstay of PNH treatment.
- breakthrough hemolysis
- complement inhibitor
- lactate dehydrogenase
- paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria