Long-term follow-up results of cytarabine-contain-ing chemotherapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia

Young Hoon Park, Dae Young Kim, Yeung Chul Mun, Eun Kyung Cho, Jae Hoon Lee, Deog Yeon Jo, Inho Kim, Sung Soo Yoon, Seon Yang Park, Byoungkook Kim, Soo Mee Bang, Hawk Kim, Young Joo Min, Jae Hoo Park, Jong Jin Seo, Hyung Nam Moon, Moon Hee Lee, Chul Soo Kim, Won Sik Lee, So Young ChongDoyeun Oh, Dae Young Zang, Kyung Hee Lee, Myung Soo Hyun, Heung Sik Kim, Sung Hyun Kim, Hyukchan Kwon, Hyo Jin Kim, Kyung Tae Park, Sung Hwa Bae, Hun Mo Ryoo, Jung Hye Choi, Myung Ju Ahn, Hwi Joong Yoon, Sung Hyun Nam, Bong Seog Kim, Chu Myong Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background/Aims: We evaluated the feasibility and long-term efficacy of the combination of cytarabine, idarubicin, and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for treating patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Methods: We included 87 patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia and a t(15;17) or promyelocytic leukemia/ retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RARα) mutation. Patients received 12 mg/m2/day idarubicin intravenously for 3 days and 100 mg/m2/day cytarabine for 7 days, plus 45 mg/m2/day ATRA. Clinical outcomes included complete remission (CR), relapse-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and the secondary malignancy incidence during a 20-year follow-up. Results: The CR, 10-year RFS, and 10-year OS rates were 89.7%, 94.1%, and 73.8%, respectively, for all patients. The 10-year OS rate was 100% for patients that achieved CR. Subjects were classified according to the white blood cell (WBC) count in peripheral blood at diagnosis (low-risk, WBC < 10,000/mm3; high-risk, WBC ≥ 10,000/mm3). The low-risk group had significantly higher RFS and OS rates than the high-risk group, but the outcomes were not superior to the current standard treatment (arsenic trioxide plus ATRA). Toxicities were similar to those observed with anthracycline plus ATRA, and higher than those observed with arsenic trioxide plus ATRA. The secondary malignancy incidence after APL treatment was 2.7%, among the 75 patients that achieved CR, and 5.0% among the 40 patients that survived more than 5 years after the APL diagnosis. Conclusions: Adding cytarabine to anthracycline plus ATRA was not inferior to anthracycline plus ATRA alone, but it was not comparable to arsenic trioxide plus ATRA. The probability of secondary malignancy was low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-850
Number of pages10
JournalKorean Journal of Internal Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Korean Association of Internal Medicine.


  • Cytarabine
  • Idarubicin
  • Leukemia, promyelocytic, acute
  • Tretinoin


Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term follow-up results of cytarabine-contain-ing chemotherapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this