Long-term exposure of Sprague Dawley rats to 20 kHz triangular magnetic fields

H. J. Lee, S. H. Kim, S. Y. Choi, Y. M. Gimm, J. K. Pack, H. D. Choi, Y. S. Lee

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16 Scopus citations


Purpose: There are only a few reports on harmful effects of 20 kHz sine waves; however, it is essential to comprehensively evaluate the potentially harmful effect of triangular signals at the same frequency. Therefore, in this study, effects of long-term exposure to 20 kHz magnetic fields was examined. Materials and methods: Eighty Sprague Dawley rats were divided into two groups (half male and female in each sham and exposed groups), and they were exposed to 20 kHz triangular magnetic fields at 6.25 μT rms for 8 h/day for 12 or 18 months. Urinalysis [pH, glucose, protein, ketone bodies, red blood cells (RBC), nitrogen, bilirubin, urobilinogen, and specific gravity], hematological analysis (RBC, hemoglobin, hematocrit, thrombocyte count, and leucocyte count), blood biochemistry (total protein, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, glucose, total bilirubin, total cholesterol, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase), and histopathological analysis of organs (thymus, stomach, intestine, liver, kidney, testis, ovary, spleen, brain, heart, and lung) were performed. Results: No significant differences were seen between 20 kHz magnetic-fields exposed rats and sham-exposed rats in body and organ weights, hematological analysis, blood biochemistry, urinalysis data, and histopathological examination, except for the numbers of neutrophiles and lymphocytes in female rats. The number of neutrophiles was significantly increased in female rats on the 12th month after exposure, and the number of lymphocytes in female rats was significantly decreased on the 18th month. Conclusion: Long-term exposure of rats to 20 kHz triangular magnetic fields did not induce any significantly harmful effects, except changes in neutrophiles at 12 months and lymphocytes at 18 months of exposure in female rats. These hematological changes need to be investigated again at a higher intensity of 20 kHz magnetic fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-291
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from Ministry of Information and Communication of Korea (years 2003 and 2004).


  • 20 kHz
  • Histological analysis
  • Long-term exposure
  • Serology
  • Serum biochemistry
  • Urinalysis


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