Long-Term Breast Cancer Outcomes of Pregnancy-Associated Breast Cancer (PABC) in a Prospective Cohort

Hyunji Jo, Seri Park, Hye Ryeon Kim, Hongsik Kim, Joohyun Hong, Jeong Eon Lee, Jonghan Yu, Byung Joo Chae, Se Kyung Lee, Jai Min Ryu, Soo Young Oh, Suk Joo Choi, Ji Yeon Kim, Jin Seok Ahn, Young Hyuck Im, Eun Mi Nam, Seok Jin Nam, Yeon Hee Park

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Given that peak age of breast cancer (BC) is younger in Asians than in Western populations, relatively higher prevalence of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) has been reported. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics and clinical outcomes of PABC in Korea. Methods: We defined PABC as BC diagnosed during pregnancy or in the first postpartum year. We compared the clinicopathological characteristics and BC outcomes between patients with PABC and non-PABC patients in the prospective YBC cohort from Samsung Medical Center. Results: In total, 1492 patients were initially enrolled, and 1364 patients were included, of which 93 had PABC (6.8%). The median age of patients with PABC was 34 years. Hormone receptor expression was lower (64.6% vs 74.6%) and frequency of HER2 overexpression was higher (26.9% vs 17.6%) in patients with PABC than in non-PABC patients. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 83.2% and 93.4% in patients with PABC and non-PABC patients, respectively (p < 0.001). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 72.2% and 83.8% in PABC and non-PABC patients. Conclusion: Compared to non-PABC patients, patients with PABC had poorer OS and DFS in this prospective cohort. Exploratory biomarker analysis for PABC is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4839
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • pregnancy
  • prospective cohort

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