Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important human pathogen responsible for more than 2 million deaths annually worldwide. The airway epithelium acts as the first-line of defense against pneumococcal infections by regulating acute inflammation against invading pneumococcus. Despite the intact adaptive immunity, failure in early defense due to loss of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) and/or acute phase proteins (APPs) results in detrimental damage and death. C-reactive protein (CRP), the first found APP, is a member of the pentraxin family of proteins and an important soluble PRR for pneumococcus. CRP and another short pentraxin, serum amyloid P, are critical for acute defense against pneumococcal infection. However, the role of the long pentraxin PTX3 in regulating pneumococcal infections is unknown. In this study, PTX3 expression was upregulated by pneumococcus in epithelial cells and in lungs of mice. In addition, PTX3 potentiated pneumococcal inflammation; overexpression of PTX3 enhanced pneumococcus-induced cytokine expression, whereas knock-down of PTX3 with siPTX3 inhibited the cytokine expression. Furthermore, PTX3 deficiency indeed ameliorated acute inflammation and protected mice against death following pneumococcal infection. Pneumococcal toxin pneumolysin was responsible for PTX3 expression and upregulated PTX3 expression via JNK MAPK signaling. These data implicate PTX3 as a novel therapeutic target for the control of acute inflammation by pneumococcus.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 4 Nov 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful to Prof. Martin M. Matzuk at Baylor College of Medicine for generous sharing of PTX3 KO mice. This work was supported by the 2015 Yeungnam University Research Grant (to CHW).
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.
- Acute pneumococcal inflammation
- Community acquired pneumonia
- Mouse model
- Pentraxin 3
- Streptococcus pneumoniae