Lessons learned from long-term management of hip fracture in patients with osteopetrosis: A report of nine hips in five patients

Jae Young Lim, Boo Seop Kim, Byung Ho Yoon, Jae Suk Chang, Chan Ho Park, Kyung Hoi Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Treating patients with osteopetrosis is very challenging even in very skilled surgeons with many experiences. We present an account of 5 patients treated for hip fracture related problems occurring throughout their life due to this disease. Difficulties encountered during their treatment prompted us to present some general management principles. Methods: From January 2003 to December 2016, 5 patients with osteopetrosis (9 hips; 3 men, 2 women), who underwent operative or conservative treatment were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated their clinical features and rate of union, malunion and post-operative infection. Results: Four of 5 patients (80%) suffered bilateral fracture, and 8 of 9 fractures (89%) are transverse and occurred at subtrochanteric area resulted from minor trauma. Among 9 hips, surgery was performed in seven hips. Nonunion were found in 3 hips (33%), malunion in 1 hip (11%) and oteomyelitis was developed in 2 hips (22%) at a median of 8.1 years. Conclusions: Clinical features of hip fracture in osteopetrosis are very similar to atypical subtrochanteric femoral fractures. Patients should be informed of the possibilities of several anticipated complications including the risk of nonunion and infection after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bone Metabolism
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Fracture fixation
  • Hip fractures
  • Internal
  • Osteopetrosis

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