Learning analytics to support self-regulated learning in asynchronous online courses: A case study at a women's university in South Korea

Dongho Kim, Meehyun Yoon, Il Hyun Jo, Robert Maribe Branch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


With the recognition of the importance of self-regulated learning (SRL) in asynchronous online courses, recent research has explored how SRL strategies impact student learning in these learning environments. However, little has been done to examine different patterns of students with different SRL profiles over time, which precludes providing optimal on-going instructional support for individual students. To address the gap in research, we applied learning analytics to analyze log data from 284 undergraduate students enrolled in an asynchronous online statistics course. Specifically, we identified student SRL profiles, and examined the actual student SRL learning patterns. The k-medoids clustering identified three self-regulated learning profiles: self-regulation, partial self-regulation, and non-self-regulation. Self-regulated students showed more study regularity and help-seeking, than did the other two groups of students. The partially self-regulated students showed high study regularity but inactive help-seeking, while the non-self-regulated students exhibited less study regularity and less frequent help-seeking than the other two groups; their self-reported time management scores were significantly lower. The analysis of each week's log variables using the random forest algorithm revealed that self-regulated students studied course content early before exams and sought help during the general exam period, whereas non-self-regulated students studied the course content during the general exam period. Based on our findings, we provide instructional strategies that can be used to support student SRL. We also discuss implications of this study for advanced learning analytics research, and the design of effective asynchronous online courses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-251
Number of pages19
JournalComputers and Education
StatePublished - Dec 2018


  • Asynchronous online courses
  • Education data mining
  • Instructional strategies
  • Learning analytics
  • Self-regulated learning


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