Lead Acetate Assisted Interface Engineering for Highly Efficient and Stable Perovskite Solar Cells

Yuanyuan Zhang, Yongchao Ma, Insoo Shin, Yun Kyung Jung, Bo Ram Lee, Sangwook Wu, Jung Hyun Jeong, Byoung Hoon Lee, Joo Hyun Kim, Kwang Ho Kim, Sung Heum Park

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20 Scopus citations


High power conversion efficiency (PCE) and long-Term stability are inevitable issues faced in practical device applications of perovskite solar cells. In this paper, significant enhancements in the device efficiency and stability are achieved by using a surface-Active lead acetate (Pb(OAc)2) at the top or bottom of CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3)-based perovskite. When a saturated Pb(OAc)2 solution is introduced on the top of the MAPbI3 perovskite precursor, the OAc- in Pb(OAc)2 participates in lattice restructuring of MAPbI3 to form MAPbI3-x(OAc)x, thereby producing a high-quality perovskite film with high crystallinity, large grain sizes, and uniform and pinhole-free morphology. Moreover, when Pb(OAc)2 solution is mixed in the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT-PSS) solution in the bottom way, the OAc- in Pb(OAc)2 improves the water resistance of PEDOT-PSS. As the OAc- easily bonds with the Pb2+, the deposition of MAPbI3 precursor onto the Pb(OAc)2 mixed with PEDOT-PSS results in a reduction of the uncoordinated Pb, leading to strong stabilization of the perovskite layer. Both the top-and bottom-Treated devices exhibit enhanced PCE values of 18.93% and 18.28%, respectively, compared to the conventional device with a PCE of 16.47%, which originates from decreased trap sites and reduced energy barriers. In particular, the bottom-Treated device exhibits long-Term stability, with more than 84% of its initial PCE over 800 h in an ambient environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7186-7197
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number6
StatePublished - 12 Feb 2020

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Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.


  • Pb(OAc)
  • high efficiency
  • long-Term stability
  • perovskite solar cells
  • top and bottom ways


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