Rapid and deliberate patterning of nanomaterials over a large area is desirable for device manufacturing. We report a method for meniscus-assisted self-assembly (MASA)-enabled rapid positioning of hierarchically assembled dots and stripes composed of luminescent conjugated polymer over two length scales. Periodically arranged conjugated poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (PFO) polymers, yield dots, punch-holes and stripes at microscopic scale via MASA. Concurrent self-assembly of PFOs into two-dimensional lenticular crystals within each dot, punch-hole and stripe is realized at nanoscopic scale. Hierarchical assembly is achieved by constraining the evaporation of the PFOs solution in two approximately parallel plates via a MASA process. The three-phase contact line (TCL) of the liquid meniscus of the PFOs was printed using the upper plate, yielding an array of curved stripes. Rapid creation of hierarchical assemblies via MASA opens up possibilities for large-scale organization of a wide range of soft matters and nanomaterials.
- conjugated polymers
- lenticular crystals
- meniscus-assisted hierarchical assemblies
- three-phase contact line