Lactobacillus Probiotics Improve Vaginal Dysbiosis in Asymptomatic Women

Abu Zar Ansari, Dooheon Son, Young Min Hur, Sunwha Park, Young Ah You, Soo Min Kim, Gain Lee, Seungbeom Kang, Yusook Chung, Sanghyun Lim, Young Ju Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vaginal dysbiosis can lead to serious infections in asymptomatic women. Lactobacillus probiotics (LBPs) are being investigated as a promising therapy for reversing vaginal microbiota dysbiosis. This study aimed to investigate whether administering LBPs could improve vaginal dysbiosis and facilitate the colonization of Lactobacillus species in asymptomatic women. 36 asymptomatic women were classified based on the Nugent score as Low-NS (n = 26) and High-NS (n = 10) groups. A combination of Lactobacillus acidophilus CBT LA1, Lactobacillus rhamnosus CBT LR5, and Lactobacillus reuteri CBT LU4 was administered orally for 6 weeks. The study found that among women with a High-NS, 60% showed improved vaginal dysbiosis with a Low-NS after LBP intake, while four retained a High-NS. Among women with a Low-NS, 11.5 % switched to a High-NS. Genera associated with vaginal dysbiosis were positively correlated with the alpha diversity or NS, while a negative correlation was observed between Lactobacillus and the alpha diversity and with the NS. Vaginal dysbiosis in asymptomatic women with an HNS improved after 6 weeks of LBP intake, and qRT-PCR revealed the colonization of Lactobacillus spp. in the vagina. These results suggested that oral administration of this LBP could improve vaginal health in asymptomatic women with an HNS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1862
JournalNutrients
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Lactobacillus
  • Nugent score
  • bacterial vaginosis
  • cervicovaginal fluid
  • probiotics
  • vaginal dysbiosis
  • vaginal microbiota

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