Kinetics of electrophilic brominations. Mechanistic significance of the third‐order term

S. Fukuzumi, J. K. Kochi

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17 Scopus citations


The rates of electrophilic bromination of various donors follow complex kinetics which include both first‐order and second‐order dependences on bromine, especially in the less polar solvents. The second‐order rate constant ks and the third‐order rate constant kt are evaluated for alkene bromination in carbon tetrachloride, and they are compared to those already listed for the electrophilic brominations of substituted styrenes, arenes, and metal carbonyls in the extant literature. Despite the varying magnitudes of the second– and third‐order rate constants for these diverse donors (and in different solvents), the ratio log(ks/kt) is remarkably invariant. The mechanistic implication of this unique observation is discussed in the context of charge transfer interactions which are common to the activated complexes in the electrophilic brominations of various donors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-266
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Chemical Kinetics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1983


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