Joint association of prenatal bisphenol-A and phthalates exposure with risk of atopic dermatitis in 6-month-old infants

Seulbi Lee, Sung Kyun Park, Hyesook Park, Woojoo Lee, Ji Hyen Lee, Yun Chul Hong, Mina Ha, Yangho Kim, Bo Eun Lee, Eunhee Ha

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates could trigger immune response. Few studies have investigated the association between prenatal BPA and phthalate exposure and atopic dermatitis (AD) in infants. Objective: We aimed to clarify the joint association of prenatal exposure to BPA and phthalate metabolites with AD incidence in 6-month-old infants. Methods: We included 413 mother-child pairs from the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) in a prospective birth cohort study. Maternal urinary BPA, mono-2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl phthalate (MEHHP), mono-2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl phthalate (MEOHP), and mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP) concentrations were measured during early and late pregnancy. We applied the Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) with probit regression to estimate the association of BPA and phthalate metabolites with AD incidence after adjusting for potential confounders. Individual association was estimated by differences in predicted probabilities comparing each individual chemical concentration at 75th versus 25th percentiles, while other chemicals were set at their median. Overall joint effect was estimated by differences in predicted probabilities comparing all chemical concentrations at 75th versus 25th percentiles. Results: Individual effect of MEHHP in late pregnancy was strongly associated with incident AD [Difference: 0.244 (95% credible interval: −0.066, 0.554)] in the model including both early and late exposures. Furthermore, we confirmed overall joint association of urinary BPA and phthalate metabolites during pregnancy with a higher risk of AD [0.347 (0.168, 0.526) for late pregnancy exposure, and 0.307 (0.094, 0.521) for both early and late pregnancy]. Additionally, the joint association was more prominent among girls than that in boys. Conclusions: The joint association of prenatal exposure to BPA and phthalates could be associated with the incident AD in 6-month-old infants. Further studies are needed to confirm the synergistic effect of BPA and phthalate exposures on AD in children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147953
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume789
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Keywords

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Bayesian kernel machine regression model
  • Bisphenol A
  • Multi-pollutant effect
  • Phthalates
  • Prenatal exposure
  • Prospective birth cohort

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