Isolation of cellulose nanocrystals from brown seaweed, Sargassum fluitans, for development of alginate nanocomposite film

Hansol Doh, William Scott Whiteside

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alginate nanocomposite (Alg/cellulose nanocrystals [CNCs]) films reinforced with CNCs isolated from Sargassum fluitans. Sargassum spp. have been treated as waste in the North Atlantic Ocean. CNCs were isolated by acid hydrolysis and mechanical treatment and used as reinforcing agents to obtain Alg/CNCs film by addition at different concentrations (1%, 3%, 5%, and 10%). Morphological, mechanical, and barrier properties of the bionanocomposites were analyzed. CNCs layers can be observed in the alginate polymer matrix by scanning electron microscopy observation and addition of 1%, 3%, and 5% CNCs (wt/wt) enhanced the tensile strength of Alg/CNCs film. Water vapor, oxygen permeability, and light transmittance decreased gradually with increasing addition of CNCs. Chemical interaction between CNCs and alginate was analyzed with Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. Thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimeter data suggested the addition of CNCs can improve the thermal properties of Alg/CNCs films. Therefore, Alg/CNCs films can potentially be used for food packaging systems with enhanced properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere10133
JournalPolymer Crystallization
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Sargassum fluitans
  • alginate nanocomposites
  • brown seaweed
  • cellulose nanocrystals

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