Is follow-up testing with the filmarray gastrointestinal multiplex PCR panel necessary?

Sholhui Park, Matthew M. Hitchcock, Carlos A. Gomez, Niaz Banaei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The FilmArray gastrointestinal (GI) panel (BioFire Diagnostics, Salt Lake City, UT) is a simple, sample-to-answer, on-demand, multiplex, nucleic acid amplification test for syndromic diagnosis of infectious gastroenteritis. The aim of this study was to measure the yield of follow-up testing with FilmArray GI panel within 4 weeks of an initial test. Consecutive adult and pediatric patients tested at an academic institution between August 2015 and June 2016 were included in this study. Of 145 follow-up tests in 106 unique patients with an initial negative result, 134 (92.4%) tests and 98 (92.5%) patients remained negative upon follow-up testing. Excluding targets that are not reported at this institution (Clostridium difficile, enteroaggregative Escherichia coli, enteropathogenic E. Coli, and enterotoxigenic E. Coli), 137 (94.5%) follow-up tests and 101 (95.3%) patients remained negative. Weekly conversion rates were not significantly different across the 4-week follow-up interval. No epidemiological or clinical factors were significantly associated with a negative to positive conversion. Of 80 follow-up tests in patients with an initial positive result, 43 (53.8%) remained positive for the same target, 34 (42.5%) were negative, and 3 were positive for a different target (3.8%). Follow-up testing with FilmArray GI panel within 4 weeks of a negative result rarely changed the initial result, and the follow-up test reverted to negative less than half the time after an initial positive result. In the absence of clinical or epidemiological evidence for a new infection, follow-up testing should be limited and FilmArray GI panel should not be used as a test of cure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1154-1161
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • FilmArray gastrointestinal
  • GI PCR
  • Repeat
  • Syndromic

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