Is an Intergenerational Program Effective in Increasing Social Capital among Participants? A Preliminary Study in Korea

Junghyun Kim, Soondool Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The rapid growth of the aging population and low economic growth have intensified gen-erational conflicts, especially in the workplace. Social capital is one option that can solve genera-tional conflicts by encouraging cooperation among colleagues. This study aims to explore the impact of the intergenerational program, Sedae Ieum Madang, on perceived social capital among participants in Korea. To measure the impact of the program, a one‐group pretest/posttest design was applied, and a purposive sampling method was adopted to recruit participants. The final sample size was 53, including 30 older adults and 23 young adults. In items that measured participants’ level of trust in colleagues, the subindex of social capital was compared between before and after the program. Each item relates to peoples’ experience of social support in workplaces, as suggested in the swAge model. According to the measurement, peoples’ level of trust in their colleagues changed; only the older generation’s trust in their colleagues increased, while that of the younger generation did not. The results of this study show that the intergenerational program is effective in encouraging the older generation to trust their colleagues and fostering mutual support between younger and older generations, which is important in developing sustainable work environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1796
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Intergenerational program
  • Social capital
  • SwAge
  • Trust in colleagues

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