Introduction – Towards a Post-Liberal Peace: Exploring Hybridity via Everyday Forms of Resistance, Agency and Autonomy

Oliver P. Richmond, Audra Mitchell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Peace is not a universal concept that can be transposed identically between different contexts of conflict. Rather, unique forms of peace arise when the strategies, institutions and norms of international, largely liberal–democratic peacebuilding interventions collide with the everyday lives of local actors affected by conflict. At the site of each international peace intervention, an interface forms at which the everyday activities, needs, interests and experiences of local groups and the goals, norms and practices of international policy-makers/implementers overlap. Within this space, a unique range of practices, responses and agencies – including plural forms of acceptance and appropriation, resistance and the exertion of autonomy – emerges and ‘hybridizes’1 the ‘blueprints’2 for peace advanced by international actors. In the process of hybridization, actors (both locally and internationally based) reshape the norms, institutions and activities in question by means of everyday practices such as verbal interaction, organization and even overt conflict.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages38
StatePublished - 2012

Publication series

NameRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
ISSN (Print)1759-3735
ISSN (Electronic)2752-857X

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2012, Oliver P. Richmond and Audra Mitchell.


  • Civil Society
  • Everyday Life
  • International Relation
  • Local Actor
  • Social Movement


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