Interannual variation of freshwater transport and its causes in the Korea Strait: A modeling study

Chang Sin Kim, Yang Ki Cho, Gwang Ho Seo, Byoung Ju Choi, Kyung Tae Jung, Byeong Gweon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The variability of freshwater transport in the Korea Strait (FTKS) affects the circulation and ecosystem of the East/Japan Sea. Numerical simulations using realistic surface forcing, Changjiang River discharge (CRD), and open boundary values were performed to quantify the interannual variation of FTKS and to investigate its underlying physical processes. The simulated salinity and volume transport, which determine the variability of FTKS, were verified by comparing with observations. Salinity played a more important role than volume transport in inducing the interannual variation of FTKS. FTKS has a positive correlation with CRD, difference between precipitation and evaporation (P-E), southeasterly wind, and freshwater transport in the Taiwan Strait (FTTS). FTKS has its best correlation (0.62) with FTTS. The correlations with CRD (0.25) and P-E (0.37) are weaker, probably due to wind stress. The southeasterly wind that drives Changjiang diluted water toward the Korea Strait by Ekman flow in the East China Sea has good correlation (0.51) with FTKS. The vertical structures of FTKS and its variability are more effectively affected by CRD and P-E in the surface layer, FTTS in the middle layer, and the wind in the subsurface layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-74
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Marine Systems
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • Changjiang diluted water
  • Freshwater transport
  • Interannual variation
  • Korea Strait


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