Integrate-and-fire neuron circuit using positive feedback field effect transistor for low power operation

Min Woo Kwon, Myung Hyun Baek, Sungmin Hwang, Kyungchul Park, Tejin Jang, Taehyung Kim, Junil Lee, Seongjae Cho, Byung Gook Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we fabricated a dual gate positive feedback field-effect transistor (FBFET) integrated with CMOS. We investigated the DC and transient characteristics of the FBFET. The fabricated FBFET has an extremely low sub-threshold slope of less than 2.3 mV/dec and low off-current. We also propose an analog integrated-and-fire neuron circuit incorporating a FBFET, which significantly reduces the power dissipation of hardware neural networks. In a conventional neuron circuit using a membrane capacitor to integrate input pulses, most of the energy is consumed by the first inverter stage connected to the capacitor. Since the membrane capacitor is charged slowly compared to digital logic, a large amount of short-circuit current flows between Vdd and ground in the first inverter during this period. In the proposed neuron circuit, the short-circuit current is significantly suppressed by adopting a FBFET in the inverter. Through TCAD mixed mode simulation of the device and the circuit, we compare the energy consumption of a conventional and the proposed neuron circuits. In a single neuron circuit with microsecond duration pulses, 58% of the energy consumption is reduced by incorporating a FBFET. We performed SPICE compact modeling of FBFET, and its parameters were fitted to match the measurement results of the fabricated FBFET. Then, we conducted a circuit simulation to verify the operating neural networks. We implemented a single layer spiking neural network (SNN) that had resistive synaptic devices. In the SNN simulation, approximately 94% of the average power consumption of all output neurons was reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152107
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume124
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Oct 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Nano·Material Technology Development Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (No. 2016M3A7B4910348) and the Brain Korea 21 Plus Project in 2018.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Author(s).

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