This study examines whether and how the institutional changes as well as macroeconomic conditions influence the US International Trade Commission's injury decisions. The empirical evidences show that the percentages of the Commissioners' affirmative injury decisions are revealed to be positively influenced by increased import penetration ratios. The Democrat Commissioners are shown to be more sensitive to changes in the macroeconomic conditions than the Republican Commissioners are. There is a strong evidence that the launch of the WTO system and the consequent establishment of the Dispute Settlement Mechanism decreased the probability of affirmative injury decisions relating to antidumping duties.
- Antidumping duties
- Institutional changes